Evidence-Based Programs and Practices

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Evidence-based programs and practices are based on research, and their results are validated by data. They can mean the difference between working hard and working smart. Implementing evidence-based programs and practices that meet your students’ needs is an important strategy for decreasing discipline problems in your school.

These programs and practices address the behaviors that precede or lead to suspensions and expulsions and include social emotional learning programs, PBIS (Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports), and restorative practices.

To create the Positive School Discipline culture you envision, you will need to employ a systemic approach using evidence-based programs and practices that address the continuum of student needs within all three tiers of the intervention pyramid—universal, selected, and indicated—and across all grade levels. The earlier children receive these programs and practices, the better the outcomes.

Our free online course will give you practice in comparing evidence-based programs and practices in order to make informed decisions for your school or district.


  • The Newtown, Pennsylvania’s Middle School became interested in restorative practices for students who were repeatedly sent to the office for behavioral issues. After the first year of restorative practices, suspensions and disciplinary infractions were reduced by 80 percent. The Assistant Principal says, “Restorative practices have changed the feeling and culture here. Now it’s like a family setting. Everyone asks for help and helps others.”

    Newton Public Schools, Pennsylvania
  • Photo of a smiling Albemarle student

    Restorative Practices keep students in school, learning, rather than removing them for suspension or expulsion . . .

    Albemarle County Public Schools, Virginia
  • Photo of young Adams County children in class

    Adams County implemented Incredible Years Dinosaur School in early childhood settings, improving the social and emotional skills of its children.

    Adam 12 Five Star Schools, Colorado
  • Tigard Tultane smiling students

    Solid data demonstrate that this evidence-based approach is working—office disciplinary referrals are down 34%; suspensions are down 54%

    Tigard-Tualatin School District, Oregon