Course Citations

Citations from Positive School Discipline Course for School Leaders

American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance Task Force. (2008). Are Zero Tolerance Policies Effective in the Schools? An Evidentiary Review and Recommendations. American Psychologist, 63(9), 852–862. Retrieved from

Durlak, J. A., Weissbert, R. P., Dymnicki, A. B., Taylor, R. D., & Schellinger, K. B. (2011, January–February). The impact of enhancing students’ social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development, 82(1), 405–432.

Evenson, A., Justinger, B., Pelischek, E., & Schulz, S. (2009, January/February). Zero tolerance policies and the public schools: When suspension is no longer effective. NASP Communiqué, 37(5).

Fabelo, T., Thompson, M., Plotkin, M., Carmichael, D., Marchbanks, M., & Booth, E. (2011, July). Breaking Schools’ Rules: A Statewide Study of How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement. New York, NY: Council of State Governments Justice Center. Retrieved from

Hall, G.E. & Hord, S. M. (2001). Implementing Change: Patterns, Principles, and Potholes. Needham, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Losen, D. J. (2011). Discipline Policies, Successful Schools, and Racial Justice. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from

Losen, D. L., & Skiba, R. J. (2010, September). Suspended Education: Urban Middle Schools in Crisis. Los Angeles, CA: The Civil Rights Project at UCLA. Retrieved from

Minneapolis Public Schools. (n.d.). Positive School Climate Tool Kit. Section A—Using Data to Assess School Climate. Retrieved from

National Network of Partnership Schools. (2008, Fall). Students’ Health and Safety: Partnerships Promote Fitness and Wellness. Type 2 (25). Retrieved from

Satanapong, A. (2007). Development and implementation of multiple pathways to graduation in New York City [Forum brief]. Retrieved from